How to Manage Pests

Pests in Gardens and Landscapes

Aucuba—Aucuba japonica
Gold-dust plant, Gold spot aucuba, Japanese aucuba
Family Cornaceae (Dogwood family)

Plant Identification

Aucuba japonica is an evergreen shrub with many varieties available.  Leaves are dark green and toothed, sometimes with yellow spots.  Flowers are tiny and maroon in color. If both male and female varieties are planted, plants will produce bright red berries.

Optimum conditions for growth

Aucubas are planted in planters or in containers.  They do well in light soils with moderate to regular amounts of water.  Aucubas require partial shade in very hot areas and can do well in fully shaded areas. 

Foliage of aucuba
Green leaves with yellow spots


Pests and disorders of Aucuba japonica


  • Aphids
    • Foxglove aphid
  • Armored scales
    • Dictyospermum scale
    • False oleander scale
    • Greedy scale
    • Oleander scale
    • Yellow scale
  • Mealybugs
    • Obscure mealybug


Environmental disorders



Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
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