Peppers – Capsicum annuum
Family Solanaceae (Nightshade family)
Peppers are either a sweet pepper or hot chile pepper. Sweet peppers include bell and banana peppers. Bell peppers typically have a blocky appearance and are harvested when green, red, or yellow. Chile peppers range from mild to very hot and tend to be smaller, longer, thinner, and more tapered than sweet peppers. Recommended hot varieties to grow in California include Anaheim, cayenne, jalapeño, and serrano.
Cultural practices such as proper site selection, soil preparation, planting, and watering are important for plant health, pest management and pest reduction when growing peppers.
For more information about growing vegetables, visit the UC ANR California Garden Web website.