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How to Manage Pests

The UC Guide to Healthy Lawns

Turf adaptations and tolerances

Turf species best adapted to most California conditions
Turf species Tolerance Temperature adaptation Planting method
Heat Cold Drought Shade Salinity Wear/
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Bermudagrass High Low High Low High High Warm-season Seed, sod, stolons, sprigs, plugs
Kentucky bluegrass* Low High Low Mod Low Mod Cool-season Seed, sod
Perennial ryegrass* Low High Low Low Mod High Cool-season Seed, sod
Red fescue* Low High Mod High Low Mod Cool-season Seed, sod
St. Augustinegrass High Low Mod High High Mod Warm-season Sod, stolons
Tall fescue Mod-high Mod Mod Mod Mod Mod-high Cool-season Seed, sod

Mod = Moderate

*When planted as a blended turf, this species may have higher tolerance for heat if properly managed.


Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
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Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California

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