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How to Manage Pests

The UC Guide to Healthy Lawns

Turf adaptations and tolerances—not adapted to hot climates

Turf species not adapted to hot climates
Turf species Tolerance Temperature adaptation Planting method
Cold Drought Shade Salinity Wear/Traffic
Annual ryegrass Low Low Low Low Low Cool-season Seed
Colonial bentgrass High Low Moderate Low Low Cool-season Seed, sod, plugs
Creeping bentgrass High Low Moderate Moderate Low Cool-season Seed, sod, plugs
Hard fescue High High High Low Low Cool-season Seed, sod
Kentucky bluegrass* High Low Moderate Low Moderate Cool-season Seed, sod
Perennial ryegrass* High Low Low Moderate High Cool-season Seed, sod
Red fescue* High Moderate High Low Moderate Cool-season Seed, sod
Rough bluegrass High Low High Low Low Cool-season Seed

*When planted as a blended turf, this species can be grown successfully in warm-season areas if properly managed.


Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
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Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California

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