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How to Manage Pests

The UC Guide to Healthy Lawns

Grass development

How long does establishment take?

You will need to take special care of your lawn until it is established. Establishment time varies depending upon planting method.

  • Sod — 2 to 3 weeks
  • Sprigs, stolons, plugs — 3 to 6 weeks
  • Seeded lawns — up to 2 months

Grass seeds can take a week or more to germinate.

Germination times of grasses planted from seed

How do different grasses grow?

Once out of the seedling stage, grasses may grow primarily upward (bunch type) or outward (creeping type).

Bunch-type grasses

Creeping-type grasses

Cool-season and warm-season grasses

Cool-season and warm-season grasses actively grow at different times of the year. This affects when you should mow, irrigate, and fertilize your lawn.

Seasonal growth pattern of grasses

Click on each label for more information about how grass plants develop.


Illustration of overall plant
Hot spot for secondary shoot Hot spot for tiller Hot spot for rhizome Hot spot for roots Hot spot for stolon Hot spot for crown Hot spot for node Hot spot for internode Hot spot for primary shoot Hot spot for node Hot spot for leaf Hot spot for sheath Hot spot for stem Hot spot for blade Hot spot for stem Hot spot for blade Hot spot for sheath Hot spot for leaf Hot spot for primary shoot Hot spot for node Hot spot for internode Hot spot for secondary shoot Hot spot for node Hot spot for crown Hot spot for tiller Hot spot for rhizome Hot spot for roots Hot spot for stolon

Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
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Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California

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