How to Manage Pests
Identification: Key to Aphids Commonly Found in Small Grains, Corn, and Sorghum in California
Find more information and keys to aphids in the following publications:
Blackman, R. L., and V. F. Eastop. 1984. Aphids on the worlds crops. An identification guide. Wiley. New York. Keys to aphids, based on the host plant. Highly recommended, but expensive.
Pike, K. S., L. Boydston and D. Allison. 1990. Alate aphid viviparae associated with small grains in North America: A key and morphometric characterization. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 63: 559-602.
Olsen, C. E., K. S. Pike, L. Boydston and D. Allison. 1993. Keys for identification of apterous viviparae and immatures of six small grain aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae). J. Econ. Entomol. 86: 137-148.
Strand, L. L. UC Statewide IPM Project. 1990. Integrated Pest Management for Small Grains. Oakland: Univ. Calif. Agric. Nat. Res. Publ. 3333.
For management information, see the UC Pest Management Guidelines.