UC IPM Online UC ANR home page UC IPM home page


SKIP navigation


How to Manage Pests

UC Pest Management Guidelines

Tent-shaped pheromone trap. Placing pheromone lure into wing-type trap.


Pheromone Traps

(Reviewed 6/06, updated 6/06)

In this Guideline:

Pheromone traps are used to monitor the flights of certain pest moths and San Jose scale. Use pheromone traps to monitor San Jose scale and obliquebanded leafroller in all orchards. Only orchards that did not receive a dormant or bloom treatment, or are for fresh market sale, require peach twig pheromone traps. Codling moth traps are needed only in those few orchards with a history of codling moth infestations.

The information obtained from trap catches can be used to schedule control actions when used in conjunction with degree-day calculations. The traps are used to establish a biofix—an identifiable point in the life cycle of the pest at which you can begin degree-day accumulation or take a management action. For example, the biofix for peach twig borer is the date that the first adult moth of each generation is caught.


  • Place traps in each orchard for which you need to make pest management decisions.
  • Traps should be placed in orchards by the dates indicated in the table below.
  • Use at least 2 traps per block for moths, and 3 or 4 per block for San Jose scale.
  • Distribute the traps uniformly throughout the orchard and use the same locations each year.
  • Place additional traps in hot spots.
  • Hang traps 6 to 8 feet high, 1 to 3 feet inside the canopy in the north quadrant of the tree, in the shade, and at least 5 trees in from the edge of the orchard.
  • Check traps twice a week until the biofix is established; thereafter, check traps weekly.
  • Remove trapped insects from the trap bottom after you count and record the trap catch on a monitoring form (100 KB, PDF).
  • Replace trap bottoms monthly or when they become covered with debris.
  • Follow manufacturer's recommendations for replacing pheromone dispensers.
  • Store pheromone dispenser in a refrigerator or freezer.


Insect pest Trap placement date Importance
San Jose scale Feb 25 Determine biofix; excellent for monitoring beneficials.
peach twig borer March 20 (San Joaquin Valley)

April 1 (Sacramento Valley)

Determine biofix for each generation; use degree-days to determine caterpillar monitoring schedule.
codling moth bud break Determine biofix for each generation; use degree-days to determine spray timing.
obliquebanded leafroller April 15 Monitor biofix and look for caterpillars for treatment between 900-1000 degree-days.

PDF: To display a PDF document, you may need to use a PDF reader.


[UC Peer Reviewed]

UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Prune
UC ANR Publication 3464
General Information
C. Pickel, UC IPM Program, Sutter/Yuba counties
F. J. A. Niederholzer, UC Cooperative Extension, Sutter/Yuba counties
W. H. Olson, UCCE Butte County
F. G. Zalom, Entomology, UC Davis
R. P. Buchner, UC Cooperative Extension, Tehama County
W. H. Krueger, UC Cooperative Extension Glenn County
Acknowledgment for contributions to Insects and Mites:
W. O. Reil, UC Cooperative Extension Solano/Yolo counties.

Top of page

Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
All contents copyright © 2017 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. See our Home page, or in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance.

Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California

Accessibility   Contact webmaster.