How to Manage Pests

UC Pest Management Guidelines

Apricot

2015 Fungicide Efficacy and Treatment Timing

(Reviewed 1/16, updated 1/16)

In this Guideline:


FUNGICIDE EFFICACY FOR APRICOT DISEASES

Note: Do not use sulfur at any time on apricot trees or use captan preharvest on apricot fruit.

Fungicide Resistance risk (FRAC#)1 Brown rot2 Jacket rot Powdery mildew2 Shot hole Eutypa
Blossom Fruit
Bumper/Tilt/Propiconazole high (3) ++++ ++++ ---- +++ +/- +++
Elite/Tebuzol** high (3) ++++ ++++ + + + ----
Indar high (3) ++++ ++++ ---- ND ---- ----
Inspire Super high (3) ++++ ++++ ++++ +++ +++ ----
Quash high (3) ++++ ++++ ++ +++ ++ ----
Luna Sensation* medium (7/11)4 ++++ ++++ +++ +++ ++++ ----
Merivon medium (7/11)4 ++++ ++++ +++ +++ ++++ ----
Pristine medium (7/11)4 ++++ ++++ +++ +++ ++++ ----
Luna Experience* medium (3/7) ++++ ++++ + +++ +++ ----
Quadris Top medium (3/11) ++++ ++++ + +++ +++ ----
Quilt Xcel medium (3/11) ++++ ++++ ++ +++ +++ ----
Rovral5 + oil6 low (2) ++++ NL ++++ ---- +++ ----
Scala7 high (9)3,4 ++++ +++7 +++8 ND ++ ----
Topsin-M/T-Methyl/ Incognito 3 high (1)4 ++++ ++++ ++++ +++ ---- ++++
Vangard7 high (9)3,4 ++++ +++7 +++8 ND ++ ----
Fontelis high (7) ++++ +++ ++++ ++++ ++++ ----
Quintec high (13) ---- ---- ---- ++++ ---- ----
Rally high (3) +++ +++ ---- +++ ---- +++
Rovral/Iprodione/Nevado5 low (2) +++ NL +++ ---- +++ ----
Elevate high (17)4 +++ ++ +++ ++ + ----
Abound high (11)4 ++ + ---- ND +++ ----
Ph-D/Oso/Tavano** high (19) ++ ++ +++ +++ + ----
Botran medium (14) ++ ++ +++ ND ND ----
Bravo/Chlorotha-lonil/Echo/Equus9,10 low (M5) ++ ++ ++ ---- +++ ----
Captan10,11 low (M4) ++ ----11 ++ ---- +++ ----
Gem high (11)4 ++ + ---- ND +++ ----
Copper low (M1) +/- ---- ---- ---- ++ ----
Ziram low (M3) +/- ---- + ---- ++++ ----
Rating: ++++ = excellent and consistent, +++ = good and reliable, ++ = moderate and variable, + = limited and/or erratic, +/- = minimal and often ineffective, ---- = ineffective, ND = no data, and NL = not on label
* Registration pending in California.
**Not registered, label withdrawn or inactive in California.
1 Group numbers are assigned by the Fungicide Resistance Action Committee (FRAC) according to different modes of actions (for more information, see http://www.frac.info/). Fungicides with a different group number are suitable to alternate in a resistance management program. In California, make no more than one application of fungicides with mode-of-action group numbers 1, 4, 9, 11, or 17 before rotating to a fungicide with a different mode-of-action group number; for fungicides with other group numbers, make no more than two consecutive applications before rotating to fungicide with a different mode-of-action group number.
2 Do not use fungicides with the same FRAC number and high resistance risk more than twice in one year.
3 Strains of Monilinia fructicola and M. laxa resistant to Topsin-M and T-Methyl have been reported in some California apricot orchards. Resistant strains of the jacket rot fungus, Botrytis cinerea, have been reported in California on crops other than almond and stone fruits and may have the potential to develop in apricots with overuse of fungicides with similar chemistry. Sub-populations of both Monilinia spp. have been shown to be resistant to AP (FRAC 9) fungicides on prune in CA.
4 To reduce the risk of resistance development, start treatments with a fungicide with a multi-site mode of action; rotate or mix fungicides with different mode of action FRAC numbers for subsequent applications, use labeled rates (preferably the upper range), and limit the total number of applications/season.
5 Blossom blight only; not registered for use after petal fall.
6 The oil is a "light" summer oil, 1-2% volume/volume.
7 High summer temperatures and relative humidity reduce efficacy.
8 Has not been tested on apricot but is effective against the jacket rot pathogens.
9 Do not use after jacket (shuck) split.
10 Do not use in combination with or shortly before or after oil treatment.
11 Causes fruit browning or staining as a preharvest spray.

APRICOT: TREATMENT TIMING

Note: Not all indicated timings may be necessary for disease control.
Disease Dormant Red bud Popcorn Full bloom Until pit hardening Preharvest
1 to 3 weeks
Brown rot1 ---- +++ +++ +++ ---- +++
Eutypa +4 ---- ---- ---- ---- ----
Jacket rot ---- ---- ---- +++ ---- ++
Powdery mildew ---- ---- ---- +++ +++2 ----
Shot hole3 ---- ---- ---- ++ +++ ----
Rating: +++ = most effective, ++ = moderately effective, + = least effective, and ---- = ineffective
1 Begin at red bud, add one or two more sprays if weather favors disease.
2 Repeated treatment at 7- to 14-day intervals may be necessary; earlier treatments are most effective.
3 If pathogen spores were found during fall leaf monitoring, apply a shot hole fungicide during bloom, preferably at petal fall or when young leaves first appear. Reapply when spores are found on new leaves or if heavy persistent spring rains occur. If pathogen spores were not present the previous fall, shot hole control may be delayed until spores are seen on new leaves.
4 Applications are made to pruning cuts.

[Precautions]

PUBLICATION

[UC Peer Reviewed]

UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Apricot
UC ANR Publication 3433

General Information

Acknowledgment: Adaskaveg et al., 2015. Efficacy and Timing of Fungicides, Bactericides, and Biologicals for Deciduous Tree Fruit, Nut, Strawberry, and Vine Crops (PDF).

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