How to Manage Pests
UC Pest Management Guidelines
Cilantro & Parsley
Scientific name: Cavariella aegopodii
(Reviewed 12/15, updated 12/15)
In this Guideline:
DESCRIPTION OF THE PEST
The wingless summer form of the willow carrot aphid is pale green with the cornicles, cauda (tail-like structure), and legs pale to slightly dusky. They are medium-size aphids with elongate oval-shaped bodies that are flattened front to back. The upper surface of the body may be roughened by numerous small depressions. The wingless forms have a second tail-like process called the supracaudal process directly above the cauda, giving the aphid the appearance of having twin "tails" when viewed with a hand lens. This supracaudal process may be triangular or fingerlike in shape.
The winged forms have a black head and thorax. The abdomen is pale green with dark areas on the sides and dark bands on the top. The antennae are black. The legs are pale in color and black at the tips. The cornicles are somewhat swollen near the tip.
Willow carrot aphid is of concern primarily because of its efficiency in vectoring a number of serious virus diseases. It transmits carrot motley dwarf, carrot red leaf, and parsnip yellow fleck. It is also a vector of Celery mosaic virus, Sugarbeet mosaic virus, and Cauliflower mosaic virus. It seldom reaches numbers that require the need for chemical intervention.
Little is known regarding the parasites of willow carrot aphid. The presence of bloated mummies indicates parasite activity. Predators such as green lacewing larvae , lady beetles , and syrphid fly larvae prey on this aphid as well as on other aphid species.
Sanitation is important in curbing the spread of the viruses that this insect vectors. Disc all crop residues under as soon as harvest is complete. Keeping fields, ditch banks, and fence lines weed-free may also help in reducing virus inoculum.
Organically Acceptable Methods
Biological and cultural controls, applications of insecticidal soaps, narrow range oils, entomopathogenic fungi (such as Beauveria bassiana), azadirachtin (Neemix), and neem oil (Trilogy) are acceptable for use on organically certified cilantro and parsley.
Monitoring and Treatment Decisions
Treatment thresholds have not been established for this pest. Pesticides do not prevent virus transmission, and this aphid rarely builds up in numbers high enough to cause economic damage by direct feeding.
UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Cilantro & Parsley
S. V. Joseph, UC Cooperative Extension, Monterey County