How to Manage Pests

UC Pest Management Guidelines


Rhizoctonia Root Canker

Pathogen: Rhizoctonia solani

(Reviewed 3/17, updated 3/17)

In this Guideline:


Tan, elliptical lesions on the taproot in the areas where lateral roots emerge are distinctive symptoms of Rhizoctonia-related diseases. In winter when the fungus is inactive, these sunken lesions will turn black and appear to be inactive. If roots are girdled during summer, the plant will die. If infection is not severe, new roots will emerge when temperatures are too cool for the fungus.


Rhizoctonia root canker, also known as crown and stem rot, occurs during periods of high temperatures and high soil moisture. The fungus occurs worldwide and also causes serious seedling damping off; however in California, most new stands are planted when temperatures are less than ideal for disease development. The disease is mainly found in the low desert valleys of Palo Verde, Imperial, and Coachella. Only certain strains of the fungus can cause the root canker form of disease. No control measures are known for these diseases.


[UC Peer Reviewed]

UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Alfalfa
UC ANR Publication 3430


R. M. Davis, Plant Pathology, UC Davis (Emeritus)
C. A. Frate, UC Cooperative Extension, Tulare County (Emeritus)
D. H. Putnam, Plant Sciences, UC Davis

Top of page

Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
All contents copyright © 2017 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. See our Home page, or in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance.

Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California

Accessibility   Contact webmaster.