How to Manage Pests
UC Pest Management Guidelines
Scientific Name: Sus scrofa
(Reviewed 7/16, updated 7/16)
In this Guideline:
Description of the Pest
Wild pigs include both domestic swine (lacking ear tags) that escaped captivity and wild boar. Wild pigs are commonly found in the foothill areas, and they prefer areas of dense brush. During periods of hot weather, they will "wallow" in water or moist soil.
Wild pigs are considered game animals and fall under the jurisdiction of the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW). Pigs can be trapped or shot, but this requires a depredation permit. Contact your local CDFW representative for further details on depredation permits.
Fencing can be effective but is expensive.
Monitoring and Treatment Decisions
In some counties, the agricultural commissioner has trappers who can assist; other counties have contracts with USDA-Wildlife Services to assist with problematic pigs.
Frightening devices can be used for a short-term solution.
There are no toxicants currently registered for use on wild pigs in the United States, and there are no known effective repellents.
UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Citrus
R. Baldwin, Wildlife, Fish and Conservation Biology, UC Davis
Acknowledgment for contributions to Vertebrates:R. E. Marsh (emeritus), Wildlife, Fish and Conservation Biology, UC Davis
T. P. Salmon (emeritus), UC Cooperative Extension, San Diego County
M. W. Freeman, UC Cooperative Extension, Fresno County