How to Manage Pests

UC Pest Management Guidelines

Citrus

Coyotes

Scientific Name: Canis latrans

(Reviewed 7/16, updated 7/16)

In this Guideline:


Description of the Pest

Coyotes are brownish gray in color and weigh about 20 to 45 pounds. They have adapted to a wide variety of habitats, including suburbs of many cities.

Coyotes do feed on some common vertebrate pests, including rodents and rabbits.

Damage

Primary damage to crops is caused when they chew on flexible irrigation lines and when they enlarge the burrows of other animals, such as ground squirrels. Occasionally, coyotes will feed on fruit of some crops including grapes, melons, and stone fruit.

Management

If coyotes are causing damage, they can be shot or trapped using specific snares and traps. They are classified as a nongame animal, so no permit is required.

Monitoring and Treatment Decisions
Shooting and Trapping

It is good advice to alert your local California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) office if you decide to use shooting or trapping, especially if you have neighbors in close proximity. In some counties, the agricultural commissioner has trappers who can assist with the trapping. All traps must be tagged with a trap identification number from CDFW.

Fumigants

In some instances coyote dens may be fumigated, but this may only be done by U.S. Department of Agriculture Wildlife Service staff.

PUBLICATION

[UC Peer Reviewed]

UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Citrus
UC ANR Publication 3441

Vertebrates

R. Baldwin, Wildlife, Fish and Conservation Biology, UC Davis

Acknowledgment for contributions to Vertebrates:
R. E. Marsh (emeritus), Wildlife, Fish and Conservation Biology, UC Davis
T. P. Salmon (emeritus), UC Cooperative Extension, San Diego County
M. W. Freeman, UC Cooperative Extension, Fresno County

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