How to Manage Pests
UC Pest Management Guidelines
Pathogen: Sclerotium rolfsii
(Reviewed 1/09, updated 10/05)
In this Guideline:
SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS
Southern blight is characterized by a soft watery decay of the taproot at or near the soil line. The disease develops rapidly, resulting in wilting and yellowing of the carrot top. White mats of mycelium develop on the carrot root and in the adjacent soil. Tan to brown round sclerotia (resting structures) about the size of a mustard seed (0.06 inch) develop on mycelial mats. The abundant sclerotia are a good diagnostic feature of southern blight.
COMMENTS ON THE DISEASE
High temperatures (46° to 99°F) favor the disease. The fungus attacks a wide range of plants and survives for long periods in the soil as sclerotia. However, southern blight is usually a minor disease of carrots.
Rotation to nonhosts such as corn or small grains for at least 2 years reduces numbers of sclerotia. Burying plant refuse helps destroy sclerotia.
Organically Acceptable Methods
Cultural controls are acceptable for use on organically grown produce.
Chemical control is not recommended.
UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines:
J. Nunez, UC Cooperative Extension, Kern County
Acknowledgment for contributions to Diseases:B. W. Falk, Plant Pathology, UC Davis
F. F. Laemmlen, UC Cooperative Extension, Santa Barbara County