How to Manage Pests

Pests in Gardens and Landscapes


Tipburn is a physiological disorder. The tips of the leaves are brown. The necrosis may involve a few spots along the margin or the whole edge of the leaf may be affected. The lesions are frequently invaded by soft-rotting bacteria that can cause severe decay.


Tipburn is a physiological disorder related to calcium deficiency and aggravated by high soil fertility and high temperatures. Hold nitrogen levels as low as possible, and do not apply excessive fertilizers that might compete with calcium uptake. Follow good irrigation practices and avoid water stress.


Browning of spinach leaf tips
Browning of spinach leaf tips

Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
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Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California

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