How to Manage Pests

Pests in Gardens and Landscapes

Time to plant

Artichokes are cool-season crops. Optimum temperatures for production are 75° F in the day and 55° F at night. Year-round production is possible where the temperatures stay in that range for much of the year. Temperatures higher than optimum tend to produce woody and less compact buds. Buds also tend to become bitter. Frost or cold weather injury is usually superficial but buds may become discolored. Mature plants survive heavy frost but yields may be affected.

Artichokes can be planted from transplants, shoots, or crowns.

Planting Dates for Artichokes*

CALIFORNIA Direct seed or transplant

North and North Coast
Monterey County north

South Coast
San Luis Obispo County south
Interior Valleys
Sacramento, San Joaquin valleys
Desert Valleys
Imperial and Coachella valleys

*Areas are large, so planting dates are only approximate, as the climate may vary even in small sections of the state. Contact experienced gardeners in your community and experiment on your own to find more precise dates.

Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
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Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California

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