How to Manage Pests

Pests in Gardens and Landscapes

Hackberry—Celtis spp.
Family Ulmaceae (Elm family)

Plant Identification

Hackberries are deciduous trees.  Leaves often have toothed or scalloped edges and turn yellow in the fall.  Trees produce small berrylike fruit that attracts birds. 

Optimum conditions for growth

Hackberry trees are often planted as street or lawn trees and can even be planted near buildings or sidewalks.  Trees grow best in areas with full sun or partial shade and require moderate amounts of water.  They are very tolerant of strong winds, heat, and dry alkaline soils. 

Hackberry foliage
Hackberry foliage and fruit

Pests and disorders of Celtis spp.




Environmental disorders



Chinese hackberry
Leaves and fruit of Chinese hackberry

Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
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