How to Manage Pests

Pests in Gardens and Landscapes

Site selection

Long summer days, cool nights, and a mostly dry season are ideal conditions for growing fruit trees. Fruit trees require freezing or close to freezing temperatures during the winter, but generally need at least 150 days between the last spring frost and the first fall frost so that blossoms are not damaged in spring and so that the fruit will mature in the fall.

Apples do best in areas with full sun and well-drained soils at least 6 feet deep. Plant in unshaded areas as much as possible to prevent diseases. The best soils are fertile, slightly acidic sandy loam soils. Avoid sandy, high clay, or shallow soils. Apples are best adapted to areas with adequate chilling hours for most varieties--1,200 to 1,500 hours below 45° F to fully satisfy the chilling requirement. However, some varieties will produce with less. In areas with a maritime climate, choose low-chill varieties.

Do not plant in low spots or areas that flood frequently. If you are planting on a site where the soil is shallow because of a hardpan, break through the hardpan when preparing for planting. Do not plant trees too close together, as this may cause poor growth.

Avoid low areas that accumulate water
Avoid low areas that accumulate water

Statewide IPM Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California
All contents copyright © 2016 The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. See our Home page, or in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance.

Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California

Accessibility   /PMG/GARDEN/FRUIT/ENVIRON/siteselection.html revised: September 20, 2016. Contact webmaster.