How to Manage Pests
Pests in Gardens and Landscapes
Training and pruning avocado trees
Young avocado trees should not require extensive pruning. Whenever possible, allow trees to develop
naturally. Be sure to prune off any suckers that arise below the graft or bud union.
Avocados require early training. Terminal shoots should be pinched beginning the second growing
season and continuing until the tree is properly shaped to promote lateral growth. If upright-growing
are not trained early, they tend to grow too high and the fruit develops in the upper two-thirds
of the tree, making harvest difficult. Training early will help restrict the tree's height, and
fruit will be produced closer to the ground and more evenly throughout the tree.
Pruning and thinning are not required to keep avocado trees productive or attractive. If you do
prune to keep trees smaller or more confined, the ideal time is just before bloom or just after
That way the tree can naturally adjust its fruit load during the June drop. Minor pruning can
be done at any time, but avoid late-season pruning, which can stimulate excessive tender growth that
is likely to be injured by frost. Prune sparingly and remove as little green wood and as few
leaves as possible. Protect any exposed branches after pruning from sunburn by painting with
a 50:50 white latex paint and water mixture.
off suckers and terminal shoots