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Perennial Weed Seedlings

On this page
  • Field bindweed
  • Johnsongrass
  • Yellow nutsedge
  • Bermudagrass
  • Dallisgrass
  • White clover
  • Curly dock
  • Dandelion

Names link to more information on identification and biology.

Click on photos to enlarge
Seedling of field bindweed
Field bindweed
(Convolvulus arvensis): Morningglory family; perennial; seed leaves nearly square, with shallow notch at tip; early true leaves spade shaped; petioles flattened.
(Sorghum halepense): Grass family; perennial; first leaves with white midvein, 8 times longer than wide and rolled in bud; ligule membranous below and fringed or toothed above; no auricles.
Young yellow 
				nutsedge plant.
Yellow nutsedge
(Cyperus esculentus): Sedge family; perennial; grasslike; light green blades, flat, slender; leaf tip long and drawn out; nutlets globe shaped, smooth, and almond flavored.
Seedling of 
(Cynodon dactylon): Grass family; perennial; first leaves with somewhat rough surface; ligule surrounded by ring of hairs with tuft of long hairs on either side; auricles absent; stem flat, wiry, and without hairs.
Dallisgrass leaf 
				sheath of the seedling.
(Paspalum dilatatum): Grass family; perennial; first leaves rolled in bud; ligule membranous and tall, with bluntly pointed or rounded tip; long, silky hairs at collar; no auricles; sheaths flattened with prominent midrib; first leaf sheaths softly hairy.
White clover
White clover
(Trifolium repens): Pea family; perennial; each leaflet may have a whitish circular band within the center; leaves trifoliolate (3 leaflets per leaf) smooth, alternate, lower surface gray green, upper surface green; branching stems 4 to 12 inches long; flower forms a ball-shaped cluster; plant forms large clumps.
Curly dock seedling, Rumex crispus.
Curly dock
(Rumex crispus): Buckwheat family; perennial; seed leaves succulent and 3 times longer than wide; young seedlings vary in color, from entirely green to red tinged in cooler months; petioles of young seedlings ribbed with bases extending onto stem.
Dandelion seedling, Taraxacum officinale.
(Taraxacum officinale): Aster family; perennial; seed leaves green yellow, smooth, and range from circular to oval to spatulate; young leaves without hairs and usually gray green on lower surface, alternate, form basal rosette, and spatulate or oval with long petiole; margins of third true leaf wavy with irregular, widely spaced teeth.

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