Educational Materials: Detailed Descriptions
Integrated Pest Management for Cole Crops and Lettuce
Published 1992 · Publication 3307 · 112 pages
This comprehensive guide provides practical information for carrying out an integrated pest management program in lettuce or any of the cole crops, including broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, or cauliflower. Illustrated with more than 180 high quality photographs, this book provides the grower or consultant with the tools they need to identify, monitor, and make management decisions for more than 100 vertebrate, insect, mite, pathogen, nematode, or weed pests in these crops. Dozens of beneficial insects and other natural enemies are pictured.
The focus of the integrated pest management program is to take an ecological approach that provides economical, long-term solutions to pest problems while minimizing hazards to human health and the environment.
More than two dozen University of California researchers, researchers, Cooperative Extension specialists, farm advisors, and pest control professionals contributed to this book.
This book is an indispensable guide and contains sections on:
- integrated pest management for cole crops and lettuce
- growth requirements and development of cole crop plants and lettuce
- general management techniques, including identification, field monitoring, control action guidelines, cultural practices, biological control, and using pesticides within an integrated pest management system
- insects, including seedling pests such as cabbage and seedcorn maggots, leafminers and others; aphid species, whiteflies, loopers, cabbageworms, armyworms, earworms, budworms, diamondback moth, and saltmarsh caterpillar
- diseases, including separate sections on diseases of lettuce and diseases of cole crops with more than 25 individual diseases discussed and illustrated
- abiotic disorders, including tipburn, riceyness, brown bud, hollow stem, wind injury, cold injury, salt injury, ammonia injury, herbicide injury, insecticide injury, and nutrient deficiencies
- nematodes, including cyst, root-knot, and needle nematode species
- vertebrates, including birds, meadow mice, ground squirrels, jackrabbits,
rabbits, pocket gophers, and deer
- weeds, including identification and management tips for 18 of the most
A Vital Tool
"Outstanding! Informative!...very readable...All in all, a vital tool."
--Crown Packing Company
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List of Contents
Integrated Pest Management for Cole Crops and Lettuce
Growth Requirements and Development of Cole Crops and Lettuce
- Growth Requirements (Nutrients · Water · Temperature) · Development (Seedling Development · Thinning or Transplanting to Heading · Heading: Cabbage and Lettuce · Sprout Formation: Brussels Sprouts · Curd and Head Formation: Cauliflower and Broccoli)
Managing Pests in Cole Crops and Lettuce
- Pest Identification · Field Monitoring · Control Action Guidelines · Management Methods (Cultural Practices: Field Selection, Land Preparation, Cultivar Selection, Planting Methods, Irrigation, Fertilizing, Sanitation, Rotation · Biological Control · Pesticides: Pesticide Resistance, Pest Resurgence and Secondary Outbreak, Phytotoxicity, Pesticide Residues, Hazards to Human Health, Hazards to Wildlife and Domestic Animals, Hazards to Bees)
- Seedling Development--Stage I · Intermediate Growth--Stage II · Head or Curd Formation--Stage III · Monitoring for Insects (Monitoring and Control Action · Guidelines for Lepidopterous Pests) · Seedling Pests · Cabbage Maggot · Seedcorn Maggot · Agromyzid Leafminers · Other Seedling Pests (Cutworms · Flea Beetles · Field Crickets · Darkling Beetles · Wireworms · False Wireworms · Earwigs · Springtails · Garden Symphylan · Snails and Slugs) · Cabbage Aphid · Green Peach Aphid · Potato Aphid · Turnip Aphid · Lettuce Root Aphid · Whiteflies · Loopers · Imported Cabbageworm · Beet Armyworm · The Armyworm · Yellowstriped Armyworm · Corn Earworm · Tobacco Budworm · Diamondback Moth · Saltmarsh Caterpillar
- Field Monitoring and Diagnosis · Prevention and Management (Cultivar Selection · Field Selection · Cultural Practices and Sanitation · Pesticides) · Damping Off of Lettuce or Cole Crops · Diseases of Cole Crops (Clubroot · Phytophthora Stem and Root Rot · Verticillium Wilt · Fusarium Wilt or Yellows of Cabbage · Sclerotinia Rot or White Mold · Black Rot · Bacterial Leafspot of Cauliflower · Black Leg · Downy Mildew of Cole Crops · Ringspot ·
Alternaria Leafspot · White Spot · Mosaic or Virus Diseases) · Diseases of Lettuce (Sclerotinia Drop · Botrytis Rot · Bottom Rot · Corky Root · Downy Mildew of
Lettuce · Powdery Mildew of Lettuce · Big Vein · Anthracnose · Varnish Spot ·
Lettuce Infectious Yellows · Beet Western Yellows · Lettuce Mosaic · Aster Yellows)
- Tipburn · Riceyness of Cauliflower · Brown Bud of Broccoli · Hollow Stem of Cole Crops · Wind Injury · Cold Injury · Salt Injury · Ammonia Injury · Herbicide Injury · Insecticide Injury · Nutrient Deficiencies (Nitrogen · Phosphorous · Molybdenum)
- Cyst Nematodes · Root-Knot Nematodes · Needle Nematode · Management and Sampling Guidelines for Nematodes (Qualitative Sampling · Quantitative Sampling · Treatment Guidelines) · Management Methods (Sanitation · Cultural Tactics · Resistant Cultivars · Rotation · Chemical Control)
- Birds · Meadow Mice · Ground Squirrels · Jackrabbits · Rabbits · Pocket Gophers · Deer
- Field Selection and Rotation · Cultivation · Water Management · Sanitation · Herbicides · Monitoring · Weed Species and Identification · Weeds in the Sunflower Family (Common Groundsel · Prickly Lettuce · Annual Sowthistle) · Weeds in the Mustard Family (London Rocket · Shepherdspurse · Mustards · Wild Radish) · Other Broadleaf Annual Weeds (Cheeseweed · Nightshades · Burning Nettle · Lambsquarters · Nettleleaf
Goosefoot · Pigweeds · Common Purslane · Chickweed · Prostate Knotweed) · Annual Grasses · Perennial Weeds (Nutsedges · Field Bindweed)
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